Intolerance to food is a mild reaction to some or all of the compounds in it. This is often confused with allergy as the symptoms may be similar. The major difference between the two is that allergies attack the immune system and affect many organs. Intolerance on the other hand, is limited to the digestive tract. Onion intolerance is described as mild reactions to food containing onions often characterized by the inability to digest them . This condition often goes unnoticed by some victims who don’t experience all of the symptoms of intolerance to onions. Many just suffer bad breath after consuming onions. It goes away soon after brushing so they don’t pay much attention to it. According to extensive studies, a type of protein present in onions, reacts with various antibodies to trigger excessive production of histamine which goes on to inhibit bodily functions like digestion. The lack of vital enzymes for digestion of onion proteins also leads to the following signs of onion intolerance.
Signs of Intolerance
The sufferer is likely to exhibit signs of restlessness when onions are being cooked and this may be followed by nausea. This is as a result of sulphur in the onion that might smell foul to some. Hives and sores on the mouth are a common sign of onion intolerance. These symptoms last about a month and patients are very uncomfortable. He/she has to deal with itching all over the body which later leads to irritability. People with intolerance of onions are prone to migraines and may lose focus at times. This is due to histamine that inhibits normal bodily functions. Bloating is also a common occurrence among those who suffer this condition and it is mostly coupled with stomach cramping. Victims may also experience swelling on the face as well as skin reactions. If these symptoms go unattended, intolerance escalates to allergy with the victim suffering shortness of breath, confusion or in some cases death.
Treatment for Onion Intolerance
The easiest way to curb onion intolerance is to stay away from them for sometime. It helps with the symptoms and once they have disappeared, you may choose to eat them again to see if the intolerance is gone. Experts at food intolerance guide their patients with intolerance to raw onions to start cooking them. However most people are allergic to cooked and raw onions alike prompting physicians to employ more decisive tactics. As stated before, onions trigger the production of histamine so a treatment program will involve the intake of antihistamines to reduce swelling. For the skin, hydrocorstine is administered. In cases of extreme intolerance (allergy), injections of epinephrine are recommended. If you witness intolerance onions, it is best if you see a doctor so they can determine whether you bear symptoms of intolerance or otherwise. This is because when intolerance is left without treatment, the patient may suffer severe allergic attacks in the future. It is very likely that people with this condition cannot tolerate onion related foods like kale, garlic, and chives. It is safe to steer clear of processed or canned foods as they contain onions in various forms.